The art of safely removing a trapped person from a cramped or small space with out making additional injury or damage to the his life is called extrication and the rescue tools are employed by trained personnel with ample practical experience in handling such averse accidental situations and rescue operations. The main importance of rescue tool is to extract the trapped individual without creating any uncontrolled movements leading to secondary injuries. The modern tools are high performance hydraulic extrication tools powered to perform a range of rescue operations like innovative stabilization, lighting, and ventilation.
In olden times, rescuers used circular saws for automobile extrication, however the drawbacks of saws is spark get generated making it unsafe and had to be stopped for the better of the victim. Halligan tool or crow bars were also employed that were a threat the vehicle as well as the victims, as they can inadvertently trigger the airbags of the vehicle.
Modern rescue tools are an engineering marvel as they are the tools of saving life of people stuck in cars or high-rise building that are caught by fire or any natural or untimely accident. Hydraulic extrication rescue tools like cutters, confined space cutter, glass cutters, front liner, rams, telegrams, spreaders, cribbing tools, NT bags, SQ bags, LP bags, airbags, ventilation tools, cover sets and rescue gloves are the modern rescue tools employed by trained firefighters and technical personnel in rescue squads.
Natural calamities gave rise to the need for specialized tools and equipment capable of penetrating in stone and cement concrete partitions, finding trapped victims, and reaching out to them in cramped spaces, and perform rescue operations. There are times when modern portable and versatile tools capable of performing the necessary tasks in rescue operations are urgently needed. In the rescue operation, the firefighter has to shift the victim from the disaster site through these portable rescue tools and machines to a safe spot in no time. The accidents and untimely disasters are incidents with varied outcomes and differ in the type and kind rescue operation required to save the victims.
Rescue tools industry is in its nascent state yet and research operations on developing camera’s and audio visual tools to see through the concrete and stone walls are being idealized, communicating devices that can listen and identify voices of victims stuck under collapsed buildings are also being thought of late. A rescue operation may fall in similar categories like entrapment rescue, collapsed or a confined space rescue and impalement rescue, however it is possible that incidents have their own individuality, as well.